Excy Hansda

Excy Hansda

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Email: hansdaexcellent@gmail.com

Thesis Title

Modernity, Resistance and Nationalism: Twentieth-Century Middle-Class Residential Architecture of Mumbai


University of Liverpool


Dr Iain Jackson
Dr Soumyen Bandyopadhyay

Research Summary

The research investigates how Mumbai’s early twentieth-century architecture was shaped by Indian agents to respond to various political, social, and nationalistic demands during the late-colonial period. Focusing on the urban schemes led by the Bombay Improvement Trust and the design and planning of buildings built between 1920-47, the aim is to create critical historiography of ‘indigenous modernity’, which connects the materials, process, design and patronage of buildings with broader socio-economic-political issues.

Research Interests

Architectural conservation,
cultural heritage
and modern Indian history.


Hansda, E. and Bhatt, A. (2022) ‘Revival of traditional water-based architecture: Cases of Stepwells in India’, Conservation of Architectural Heritage (CAH), pp. 19–31. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-95564-9_2.

Hansda, E. (2018) ‘Preserving the cultural landscape heritage of Bhimakali Temple and its surroundings, Sarahan, Himachal Pradesh, India’, Chitrolekha Journal on Art and Design, 2(3). doi:10.21659/cjad.23.v2n306.


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